News India Times – that’s all you need to know Opinion News India Times October 15, 2021 4 Quarantining Kids Doesn’t Stop Covid. It Just Keeps Them Out Of School Fear Sells. It’s Our Job Not To Give In To It Today’s immigration crisis feels more urgent than the immigration crisis of a century ago only because this one is ours. Today’s racial reckoning feels unusually raw because it is happening to us - not because it is somehow more painful than lynchings or chattel slavery. Charles Dickens was onto something when he wrote of the French Revolution: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.” Every era and generation contains ele- ments of both: concurrent seasons of light and darkness. To deny this is to reveal a shortage of historical under- standing. What distinguishes the present age is the widespread and lucrative focus on the apocalyptic: the magnification of threats and minimizing of opportunities; the exaggera- tion of differences; the desire to see things as worse than they are. We invent ever-more-outlandish conspiracies, impute ever-baser motives, foretell ever-bleaker futures. Fear sells. This is why courage has been revered throughout history as a cardinal human virtue. Courage has many facets, but each reflects an individual’s choice to be the best person possible in even the worst of times. Cour- age is not the antithesis of fear, for it would not have any meaning in the absence of fear. Rather, courage acknowl- edges fear but refuses to be mastered by it. Like all virtues, courage is an individual choice - though tremendous damage can be done by leaders who operate on fear rather than courage. Those with open eyes can see such leaders everywhere they look: leaders in government and industry stoking fear of enemies, fear of conspiracies, fear of calamities, fear of the future. The moral weakness of these fearmongers demands courage from the rest of us. We must recognize appeals to fear and reject them - even if the fear being invoked feels real and true and justified to us. Indeed, seductive fears are the ones we are especially called to rise above. A healthy society is not a society without problems, because no society has ever been without problems. A healthy society is one that faces problems without fear because its people have courage - and their courage raises courageous leaders. History records that 1933 was the worst of times, when the global economy was sunk in the Great Depression and tyranny was on the march across Europe and Asia. A turning point was marked by Franklin D. Roosevelt’s ringing declaration: “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.” If you feel, as so many do today, that these are some of America’s worst days, if you fear for the future of this democratic republic, then your duty is to master the fear and refuse to be governed by it. If the voice on TV is trying to scare you, turn it off. If your social media leave you anxious, shut them down. Let the worst of times bring out the best of you, for a light shines brightest in the dark. David Von Drehle writes a twice- weekly column for The Post. He was previously an editor-at-large for Time Magazine, and is the author of four books, including “Rise to Greatness: Abraham Lincoln and America’s Most Perilous Year” and “Triangle: The Fire That Changed America.” -TheWashington Post TheWashington Post - Continued From Page 3 D uring the pandemic, Americans have been re- familiarized with quarantines - an age-old tool for curbing the spread of illness. Notably, schools embraced quarantines as a coronavirus-fighting measure as they reopened this fall. In most dis- tricts, any unvaccinated student who has been in close contact with someone who contracted the virus must leave school for 10 to 14 days. (The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends 14.) A single case in a school can lead to dozens of children being sent home - and in large districts, thousands of kids can be home in a given week. Following the logic of quarantine, more than 2,000 schools across the country have shut down for some period since reopening in the fall. With a pathogen as contagious as the delta variant of the coronavirus, there is a place for quarantines in the public health tool kit. But it’s important that they pass a basic cost-benefit test: The risks of quarantine, in a given situation, must be outweighed by the risk of contract- ing the virus. We, as parents and concerned individuals, would gladly embrace this public health strategy if it met that standard - if the tactic prevented dangerous spread in the school setting. But in many cases, quarantines are probably doing more harm than good - given the well-documented costs, intellectual and social, of keeping children out of school and the low rates of transmission of the coronavirus within schools. The United States kept schools closed for in-person learning longer than many of its peer nations, despite evidence that schools could open safely. The popularity of quarantines shows that an inordinate fear that schools will become the epicenter of community spread continues to dominate our discussion of corona- virus mitigation. We now have clear and reproducible outcomes across the country showing what secondary spread in schools looks like. Large population-based studies inWisconsin, North Carolina, Utah and NewYork City have dem- onstrated secondary transmission rates of less than 1 percent in school classroom and bus settings. These low transmission rates contrast starkly with the significant spread demonstrated in informal indoor gatherings or households. And these school transmission studies were conducted well before widespread vaccination of adults (who originated the majority of in-school transmis- sion). This may be a testament to the layered mitigation strategies that schools have implemented in this coun- try - including masking, physical distancing and testing. (Although studies from around the world, examining school systems with vastly different approaches to masking, testing and distancing - including in Norway, Canada, Germany, France, Ireland and Australia - affirm that in-school transmission remains rare across multiple contexts.) To be sure, some of those studies were conducted before the delta variant had become dominant. But more-recent school data is also reassuring. The Los Ange- les Unified School District has been testing a half-million students and staffers each week. As Reason’s MattWelch notes, according to a Sept. 16 report, only 0.5 percent of students and 0.7 percent of staffers have become infected. Those figures are even more impressive when you remember that most kids - unlike most teachers - are unvaccinated. And both rates are lower than the “base- line” rates of infection identified by the school district before the semester began. Even more importantly for our argument, a mere 0.2 percent of L.A. students sent home to quarantine tested positive for the coronavirus. When students do get infected, it tends to be from out- side school. In its most recent covid-19 report card, Los Angeles Unified reported one active case that resulted from in-school transmission (out of 1,085 cases). Consider the costs of keeping 1,000 kids out of school to prevent two new coronavirus cases in a school district. Drawing on national statistics, nearly 300 of those kids probably come from “food insecure” families; missing school means they go without nutritious meals for two weeks. Nearly 250 come from a single-parent household, meaning that family’s primary breadwinner may have to stay home from work while the kids are barred from school. Sadly, many children will simply be left home alone. Recognizing that strict quarantine rules come with a steep price, a number of states - including Illinois, Kansas, California and Massachusetts - and some school districts (including in L.A. and NewYork) have modified their practices. Typically, they will allow an unvaccinated student who had close contact with an infected student to stay in school if both were masked. The exposed students then must test negative for the coronavirus - sometimes twice. (Unfortunately, the CDC remains skeptical of modified quarantine. The agency “does not have enough evidence at this time to support this ap- proach,” it tells parents on its website.) School districts should keep a close eye on their statistics. If in-school transmission rates go up, a strict quarantine policy might be justifiable. But in the circumstances that prevail in many, but not all, U.S. communities - the majority of adults vaccinated, schools decently ventilated, children masked and screened each day for symptoms - a policy of an automatic 14-day quarantine is overkill. Keeping thousands of kids out of school to prevent a handful of coronavirus cases is unjustifiable. An excessive use of quarantine causes children to fall behind educa- tionally and cuts at-risk kids off from an important support system. We should encour- age those school officials who understand that “zero risk” is unobtainable and that an effort to drive case numbers to zero can have unintended negative effects. Schools should keep sick children out of school, stress the importance of multi- layered risk mitigation (masks and so on) - and they should switch from quarantine to a “test and stay” approach. They should always be mindful that keeping kids out of school can hurt their health, too. Jeffrey Vergales is an associ- ate professor of pediatrics at the University of Virginia. Monica Gandhi, an infectious- diseases specialist, is a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. -Special to TheWashington Post By JeffreyVergales, Monica Gandhi Signs hang to remind children of precautions to prevent the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in the classroom at South Boston Catholic Academy in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S., January 28, 2021. REUTERS/ Allison Dinner/ File Photo TheWashington Post TheWashington Post